Section 1 – Introduction
A complete edit
This section is a complete course in editing in EDIUS. It covers importing footage, editing, trimming, adjusting sound levels and make a final Blu-ray or DVD disc, and a file for YouTube. This is the best place to start your EDIUS training.
- Starting a project
The first thing you need to do is choose your project settings – which do you choose any why?
- The interface
A quick look at EDIUS’ windows, how to arrange them and what they are all for.
- Importing footage
The first step in any edit is bringing in the clips. In this chapter we bring in AVCHD footage using EDIUS’ source browser, which works for most card-based formats.
- Adding the first clip
Having imported the footage we now need to look at it and add it to the timeline.
- Building the edit
We now add all the other clips to the timeline
- The most important chapter
The most important thing you should remember to do when editing – save the project.
The clips are on the timeline, we now need to refine the edit..
- Insert and overwrite modes
When you add clips to the timeline you either overwrite what is already there or move clips out of the way to make room by choosing to use either insert or overwrite mode.
- Split Edits
Sometimes you have to have the audio start or stop at a different place to the video. The answer: a split edit, sometimes called an “L-cut” or a “J-cut”.
- Insert edit
Now we want to drop a clip over some existing clips on the timeline to hide a bad cut – which used to be called an “insert edit” in the days of tape decks.
- Audio editing
In this edit we just need to even out the sound levels and sort out the fact that some clips are only on one side and not the other..
- Audio fades
We now add a fade in on the audio at the start and a fade out at the end.
Add a quick caption using EDIUS’ QuickTitler to identify the two speakers.
- Titles on video tracks
Now we add a tile using a video track instead of EDIUS titling tracks, and discuss the differences.
- Other Titling options
Some quick notes on other titling options with EDIUS such as add-on programs like VisTitle.
- Making a Blu-ray disc
The edit is finished and we now want to make a Blu-ray disc of the results.
- Using the disc burner tool
If you do not immediately burn a disc using the EDIUS disc creator you can burn a disc using the files you have already made and the EDIUS’ disc burner tool.
- Make a DVD
Making a DVD is very much like making a Blu-ray disc – we explain how.
- Disc burning problems
There are a couple of simple things which can stop the disc burning from working, explained here.
- Make a file
You may also want to make a file to be shared with others or uploaded to YouTube, using EDIUS Print To File option
A tour of EDIUS
If you have worked through the complete edit you should now know the basics of EDIUS. In this section we will take you through the different windows in EDIUS, what they are all for and different parts to keep an eye on, like the “hints on the bar”.
- A tour of EDIUS
An introduction to all the different windows in EDIUS.
You can customise the various windows and their positions inside EDIUS and then save the new arrangement as a layout that can be recalled when you need it.
- User profiles
All your customised settings can be saved in a user profile which can be moved from machine to machine. You can have several of your own user profiles if you prefer and switch between them or different people using the same computer can have their own user profile which they load when editing.
EDIUS’ buttons all follow the same basic logic and design, with clearly defined areas for where to click if you want to use the button. There are also a variety of different keyboard shortcuts that are very helpful to learn.
- Hints on the bar
Various messages will pop up on the bottom of the EDIUS interface when editing so you know what the program is doing, and if there is a hesitation on operation it may tell you why.
Starting EDIUS for the first time
If you have bought a DVC system it will all be installed and configured for you. If not you will have to do some basic setting up before you can start editing. In this section we explain all the basics of setting up EDIUS for the first time, and talk about loading our own DVC user presets and profiles which will have been included with this tutorial.
- Starting EDIUS for the first time
When you start EDIUS for the first time it will prompt you to setup project presets and the default location for your projects. You must do this before you can start using EDIUS, even if you intend to change the information later.
- Loading the DVC user profile
The DVC user profile will add some useful buttons and change various user settings to ones we believe are better than the defaults.
- Loading the DVC project presets
Our project presets are all PAL projects and limited to the settings we believe you will use the most.
- Loading the DVC device presets
Device presets let you capture from various devices. There are some that most users will have in common (FireWire for example) and others which are specific to different pieces of hardware.
- Loading other device presets
We have a variety of different device presets for different devices on this disc. We do not have presets for all devices, but you can change the ones we have quite easily to your own device.
This section contains general information about EDIUS for reference only. It does not “train” you in any specifics.
- EDIUS Pro vs EDIUS Workgroup
There are two versions of EDIUS 8 – Pro and Workgroup. What are the differences?
- Quick Sync playback
EDIUS 8 can use Intel Quick Sync to help playback H.264 based footage like most 4K footage, AVCHD and some MOV files. Assuming you have the correct drivers on your system it should just work and accelerate the playback of these file types.
- Improved playback of DNxHD and ProRes formats
EDIUS 8.1 added improved playback of ProRes and DNxHD footage. These two formats are made by Avid and Apple and used in many hard drive based recording devices and some cameras. Once again this performance improvement just works so you do not have any settings to change
Section 2 – editing
In this section we look at everything to do with editing the picture. We start with organising clips in the bin and adding them to the timeline, and then go into the different methods and modes of trimming. We then have sections on specific types of editing such as editing multi-camera and stereoscopic projects. Finally we have a section which is a round-up of other editing features such as field editing, pre-roll editing and using sequences in your project.
01. Adding clips to the timeline
This first section deals with the bin window and the different ways to add clips to the timeline
- The bin window
The bin window is where clips go before they are added to the project.
- Picons & Properties
You can display clips in various ways, with different amounts of information, and can access and change different properties of the clips.
- Bin buttons
The buttons across the top of the bin window access various useful functions.
- Search the bin
You can search through all the folders in the bin for clips based on many different properties and can save the search as a new bin which constantly updates.
- Starting to edit
Getting your first clips from the bin and into the edit.
- Dragging clips to the timeline
The easiest way to get clips on the timeline is to drag them from the source or the bin.
- Adding clips using buttons
You can also overwrite and insert clips using buttons underneath the source, which can also be accessed using keyboard shortcuts. But how do you control on which tracks they will end up?
- Sync locks
When you insert a clip on the timeline how does the program decide what happens to the clips on other tracks? It uses the sync locks you have defined.
- Insert audio not video
It is easy to choose to insert just the picture or just the sound from the source. Amazingly not many people are aware of how.
- Insert by dragging
Instead of using buttons you can insert a clip simply by dragging it as long as you are in the correct mode.
Once the footage is on the timeline you need to refine it. EDIUS has many trimming options and you can find a way that suites the way you want to work.
- Trimming on the timeline
The most basic form of trimming – grab the edge of the clip and drag
- Ripple mode
Close spaces as you trim and insert clips easily, although be careful because sometimes clips can move when you don’t mean them to!
- Trimming using the keyboard
Trim using the keyboard and you can do it quicker.
- Sync lock and trimming
When you trim a clip does it affect just the track it is on, all tracks or just some tracks? That is the purpose of sync locks.
- Understanding insert and overwrite
Two very important terms in EDIUS and they decide whether a clip inserts between other clips or overwrites them completely as well affects many editing operations
- The trimming window
You can trim without ever using EDIUS’ trimming window, however it does have some useful features.
- Slipping and sliding
One of the aforementioned useful features of the trimming window – slipping and sliding clips on the timeline.
- Trimming with n and m
A very easy way to chop the start and end off clips on the timeline.
- Trimming transitions
Once a transition has been added you may want to adjust it.
- Trimming audio not video
An option that many people miss. It is very easy to adjust just the audio or video on a clip without unlinking them.
- Dragging with the right mouse button
If you drag a clip from the source with the right mouse button many options are available including replacing the current clip on the timeline.
- Ripple delete between in and out point
Mark an in and out point on the timeline and simply delete everything in between
- 3 & 4 point editing
A basic part of editing – marking and in and out point on the source and then a 3rd point (in or out) on the timeline or even two points (in & out) for a 4 point edit
03. Other editing options
This section contains details of all EDIUS’ other editing functions, including how to restore clips that have been lost, using sequences in your edit, special functions like pre-roll editing and field editing and finishes with a round up of common keyboard shortcuts.
- Clear all spaces
A very useful shortcut to clearing all the empty spaces in your timeline in one click.
- Field editing
Take a project and “check out” from a desktop machine, either in full quality or with low res files. Edit on another machine and then “check in” to the original and merge all the changes.
- Restore offline clips
Your timeline opens with empty spaces. Here is how to re-link the missing files.
- Restore clips captured from tape
If the missing files came from tape you can restore them easily from the original tapes.
Break your edit into smaller chunks using sequences or apply effects to many clips at once by placing them in a sequence.
- Duplicating a sequence
You must make a copy of a sequence in the right way if you want to have 2 different versions in a project.
- Sequence settings
There are a couple of important settings in a sequence.
- Fast loading of projects
EDIUS will load a project quickly and then load the clips used in the background.
- Pre-roll editing
A way of testing how a clip in the source will fit on the timeline without actually adding it to the timeline..
- Keyboard shortcut round up
If you can use keyboard shortcuts then you will edit quicker. Here is a list of the most commonly used shortcuts in editing.
EDIUS has an excellent Multi-camera mode where you can sync up to 16 cameras and then cut between them as you play. You can refine the edit and compress the results to a single track to simplify adding dissolves and other effects.
- Sync on sound
The first part of any multi-camera edit is to sync up the cameras. We show you an easy way to do this on the timeline.
- Making the first edit
Now the cameras are aligned you can start to edit. You can either cut cameras as you play the timeline, or work through at your own speed.
- Tweak the edit
Having completed the edit you want to refine the cameras, change the cut point, add new ones, or change the angle chosen
- Sound & colour
The edit is complete. Now you want to match the colour of the various cameras and adjust the audio
- Other ways to sync
We manually synced the cameras in step one. There are various automatic methods available as well
- View options
You can view the edit in various ways and if you have an I/o card you can have the final camera, full screen on your output while you have the multi-camera view full screen on your computer, to get the best look at your footage.
05 Stereoscopic editing
EDIUS handles stereoscopic (3D) clips from cameras where the original material was filmed as two separate files – one for each eye – or files where the two eyes are merged in one clip. You can adjust the depth of the footage and output the edits in various ways.
- Loading Stereo footage
You can film Stereoscopic footage in various ways. Some as one file, some as two. In this sections we discuss the various ways of bringing Stereoscopic footage into EDIUS.
- Viewing Stereoscopic video
There are various ways to view the footage – here we show the options in EDIUS.
- What kind of screen?
You can view the footage on a 3D PC screen or to a 3D TV/Monitor through various I/o hardware. In this section we discuss the options
- The Stereoscopic adjuster
You need to adjust the position of your pictures and effects in 3D space – use the stereoscopic adjuster.
- Stereoscopic output
Having finished the edit you need to output the project. EDIUS can make Blu-ray discs with various stereo settings as well as files.
- Export Stereoscopic clips to another program
EDIUS will not make full HD Stereo Blu-ray so you may want to export the video to another program using EDIUS’ print to file.
Section 3: Audio Editing
Ways of mixing, editing and generally getting the best out of your sound. This also includes details on how to deal with surround sound and multi-track audio and a way of making a “template” project with the timeline set out in the way you prefer.
Volume, mixing and panning
In this section with deal with adjusting volume and panning using the “rubber bands” found on the timeline.
- Changing the volume
A pretty obvious place to start – how to change the volume on a clip in the edit using the “rubber bands”
- Audio gain
A different way of changing the volume of a clip which is situated in the clip properties.
- Audio normalise
An easy way to change the volume on a clip automatically.
- Normalise lots of clips at once
A great feature if used wisely. You can select lots of clips and EDIUS will normalise them all.
- Using a filter to change volume
A different way of changing the volume using a filter. This is handy as you can drag a filter preset onto lots of clips at once and get the same volume change on all of them.
- Fading in and out
An easy way to make a fade with the rubber band by adding two icons to the timeline.
- Panning clips
Altering panning is very much like changing the volume. Audio will default to different channels depending on to which track it is added.
- Changing panning
You can change the channels used, and therefore how the audio is panned, in the clip properties.
- Changing panning with pan pot & balance
If you want to change the channels of the panning on many clips at once the fastest way is to use this filter.
- Save a preset
If you use a filter, save a preset with the settings you want for future use.
- Mono panning
Sometimes you think the audio should be on both channels because of how you have set the preferences and it is not. Here we look at other influences on how a clip is panned.
The audio mixer
With EDIUS’ audio mixer you can change the volume level on a clip, record a mix live, or change the way audio is output from the source or program..
- The audio mixer
The basics of how the EDIUS audio mixer works.
- Changing the clip volume
You can use the mixer to change the entire volume of a clip without ever looking at the “rubber bands”.
- Touch, latch and write
You can record a sound mix live using the mixer, and these three modes decide what happens when you move the slider in the mixer.
- Gang and solo
Gang locks two sliders together whereas solo lets you hear just one track when mixing.
- Panning with the audio mixer
You can pan the clips with the mixer as well as changing the volume.
- Adjusting the output channels
You can now use the mixer to change how the timeline channels are heard on your speakers. Imagine you have a surround sound timeline and only stereo speakers – how do you decide what you hear through the speakers? Just the left and right? Or mix all the channels down to these two speakers. This section explains how..
- Recording volume changes in the player
You can record volume changes in the player before you add a clip to the timeline.
- Changing the panning in the player
You can change the panning in the player as well, although only to a limited extent.
- Other mixer options
There are quite a lot of other options you can achieve with the mixer as well.
Other sound options
A round up of other sound options such as the channel map, editing and outputting surround sound, voice over and making a template project with your sound settings built in…
- Channel mapping
EDIUS channel mapping decides where the sound on the timeline tracks is output. You can take one track and make sure it ends up on both stereo channels regardless of any panning settings, for example.
- Setting the channel map
How to access and change the channel map.
- Voice over
EDIUS has a lovely simple voice over tool.
- What do you do with surround sound?
EDIUS cannot mix surround sound but you can add it to the timeline and output it to DVD, Blu-ray or an audio file if you get the settings correct.
- Surround sound output
How to get surround sound output to a file or disc.
- Understanding the channel map
More on how to understand the channel map. Many people do struggle with the difference between the audio tracks on the timeline and the output tracks as described in the channel map, but it is a powerful feature worth mastering.
- Channel map for archive
Used properly you can, for example, set the channel map to take all the audio on the odd numbered audio tracks and output them to the 1st channel of a stereo output file, and all the even numbered tracks to the second channel. Great for archiving.
- Saving a template project
Set up a project how you like it – with the channel map set the way you want, tracks named on a timeline the way you want, and even some media and timelines preloaded. Save it and use it as a template for future projects.
Section 4: Effects
In this section we look at everything to do with effects. This includes picture in picture effects colour correction and grading, applying masks, slow motion and image stabilization.
01. The basics of effects
In this section we look at the main features of applying and keyframing effects. We also include information on EDIUS’ downscaling options.
- An introduction to effects
The best place to start learning about effects..
Some important user settings
If EDIUS cannot play the effect back you will have to render it to see it properly.
- The buffer
The buffer uses your computer’s RAM to make complicated effects as EDIUS plays.
A particular type of effect that goes on EDIUS’ keyer track.
- Remove effects
You can remove lots of effects from many clips at once easily.
- Shortcuts to add effects
There are many different and quick ways to add effects.
- Effects presets
If you have a setting you like, save it as a preset to use in future projects.
- Customising Effects folders
Reorganise the folder list of effects and make your own folders.
- Effects presets in EDIUS 7
Grass Valley’s own presets appear in a different place in EDIUS 7 compared to previous versions.
To make an effect change over time you need to keyframe it.
- Blend effects
Not all EDIUS’ effects can be keyframed. You can use blend effects to fade them up and down instead.
- Combine effects
Very useful in filters like the mask tool, you can combine several effects into one.
- Using proxies
If your computer cannot play the timeline you could use proxy mode instead.
- Best quality scaling
EDIUS’ Lanczos scaling. Some of the best available.
- Different quality settings
EDIUS has several different quality settings.
- Downscaling HD to SD
How to use the Lanczos scaling to make a standard definition clip in the best quality.
- 8 bit or 10 bit effects
Most of EDIUS 7 effects are now 10 bit. What do we mean?
- Alpha channel
EDIUS can output alpha channels with most effects and this is important when keying and exporting.
- Blue mark on filters
Some filters have a Blue mark. What does this mean?
02. Grading/colour correction
Grading is the correct terminology for the topics in this section. Different ways to enhance, improve or even just rescue an image.
- The 3 way colour corrector
The most useful grading effect in EDIUS’ arsenal which lets you change the colour on the midtones, highlights and shadows.
- Using a reference picture
To match the colour of two shots you need to see both at once. The reference picture lets you do just that.
- YUV Curves
Our favourite way to brighten an image, the YUV curves gives you control over which parts of the image you change.
- Waveform & Vectorscope
How do you judge if the colour is right? A properly set up monitor is essential but even then the picture can vary depending on what angle you view it and the light in the room. The Waveform display gives you an independent way to evaluate the brightness of image and the vectorscope evaluates the white balance.
- YUV Curves & keyframing
Most effects can be keyframed. YUV curves can be keyframed but it does not work like everything else.
- Using Blend Modes
Blend modes change the way one image will overlay on another and they can be used to quickly brighten an image.
- Secondary colour correction
With secondary colour correction you can choose to change a range of colours or brightness levels rather than the entire image
- Chrominance filter
The chrominance filter also lets you adjust a particular range of colours but as it is based on chromakey produces different results.
- Mirror Effect
The mirror effect lets you flip an image easily – if you “crossed the line” accidentally when filming, for example.
- Zebra Zones
Another useful tool which will highlight areas of the image with a stripy pattern if they are over exposed.
EDIUS’ built-in titler has many useful features and is good for simple titles. For animated titles you may want an extra plug-in.
- The basics of QuickTitler
Make a title and design your type face. Quick and simple..
- Full quality all the time
In older versions of QuickTitler it would work in a low resolution mode when laying out the title and you would have to preview to see the title in its full quality. In EDIUS 7 you can enable full quality all the time.
- Title Mixer
If the title is on a title track you can use title mixers to fade or move the title. They are added automatically and easy to change, although there are only a few different styles.
- Drawing shapes
You can draw basic shapes in QuickTitler such as boxes and spheres, and change the properties as you would a piece of text.
- Useful boxes
There are some useful windows in QuickTitler which are generally turned off. These let you centre a title or see the text in a different way..
- Rolling titles and styles
It is easy to make a rolling or crawling title in QuickTitler and you can save text styles for use later..
- Animating titles
QuickTitler does not do animation in the way an add-on like VisTitle can, however you can animate titles with EDIUS’ layouter and some imagination.
- Copying titles
If you copy a title and change the copy you change both the copy and the original. If you do it the right way you can easily copy a title and make a new version without changing the original.
EDIUS’ has a large range of 2D and 3D transitions apart from the most commonly used dissolve. They can all be thoroughly customised and even used as effects.
- The basics of transitions
How to apply a transition, and the effect it has on clips around the edit point.
- Start or end of cut?
If you drop the transition in the right place you can decide whether it covers both clips equally, or starts or ends at the cut point.
- The default transition
For most people the standard cross dissolve is the best default transition but you can change it to any transition you like and you can customise the length.
- “A” & “B” track view
In old edit programs there was an A and a B track and transitions could be dropped between them. It is possible to work like this in EDIUS with one or two exceptions.
- Other transitions
EDIUS has a huge range of transitions including some powered by your computer’s graphics card – called GPU transitions. All can be extensively customised.
- Transitions as effects
You can drag a transition out to cover an entire clip and then by customising the transition use it as an effect rather than a simple change between scenes.
05. The layouter
EDIUS’ layouter is a filter which can be used for picture in picture, image pan and resize effects as well as the way to work out what happens when your video does not match the timeline.
- The basics of the layouter
The layouter is on every clip and you use it for any resizing effect you need.
- More about keyframes
In the basics of effects we explained the simplest aspects of keyframing. Now we look further into the subject.
- Keyframe Interpolation
The way a clip moves through keyframes is called keyframe interpolation. You can even customise it completely.
- Other options
Many other options of the layouter including borders and useful alignment tools.
You can crop the clips in layouter as well, and animate the cropping.
- 3D movement
The layouter does 2D and 3D movement. Just start the 3D option and twirl the clips around in 3D space.
You can save regular EDIUS effects presets for the layouter but it has its own preset section as well. You can also set the default action for all clips.
- Aspect ratio in the layouter
Dealing with clips with different aspect ratios to the timeline you are editing.
- Edge & drop shadow
New options that arrived with EDIUS 7 – you can feather the edge and add a drop show in the layouter.
- The importance of layer order
The layouter is normally the first effect on any clip but it can be moved up and down in a stack of effects. It is important that you get the effects in the right order.
06. The mask filter
The mask filter can be used for a huge number of things. You can use it to “cut out” an area of an image or to focus a particular filter on just a single part of the video, or as a “witness protection” effect.
- The basics of the mask filter
How to apply the mask filter, make unmasked areas transparent and set a filter inside the mask.
Rotoscoping is the procedure for “cutting out” part of an image an overlaying it on a different image. You have to draw the shape and then animate that shape as it moves across the screen.
- Witness protection
A commonly requested effect, you can use the mask filter to blur or mosaic a persons face and add keyframes to make the mask follow them as they move.
- Using a mask for image correction
Select and area of an image and apply an image correction effect to just that area. You can even combine several image effects into one.
- Animate a shape
You can add a mask to a solid background and cut out a shape – in this case a curved arrow – which then moves over time by keyframming the mask.
EDIUS has a specific part of the clip where you add “keyer” effects, These are any type of effect that will adjust the transparency of the clip – from the obvious chromakey and lumakey to the track matte and blend modes.
- Chromakey – set the key
Chromakey will take a specific colour and make it transparent. Blue or green are the most commonly used but it can be any colour. EDIUS has great tools for Chromakey and a lot of possible refinement. This this first section we talk about choosing the key colour and refining it.
- Chromakey – cancel colour and keyframing
Cancel colour is referred to as spill suppression in most keying programs. The Chromakey effect can also be keyframed but this keyframing works in a different way to other effects..
Keying on the brightness value of an image. Remove all the really bright white areas for example and replace them with a different image..
- Blend modes
These will be familiar to users of paint programs – they are different way of combining the image with one below it..
- Track mattes
Take a clip and cut a hole in it based on a clip on a different track..
- Moving and blurring the matte
You can animate the matte easily. In this example cut some words out of an image using a title as a track matte which then moves across the screen.
08. Speed and image stabilization
How to slow clips down and to achieve a ramp with the speed, as well as using EDIUS’ excellent image stabilizing filter.
- How to change the speed
Adding a speed change to clip – either slow motion or fast..
- Nearest Neighbour
EDIUS normally blends the speed between frames to produce a smooth slow motion effect. Most of the time this gives the best result. Sometimes it is better to simply repeat frames using “nearest neighbour”.
- Freeze frame
If you want to stop the motion dead the simplest thing is a freeze frame – EDIUS has a great and simple option for this.
- Time remapping
If you want to start the clip at one speed, then make it go faster, the slow down, maybe go backwards, then EDIUS’ time remapping is the thing you need.
- The image stabilizer
Take wobbly footage and turn it into a steadycam shot with EDIUS’ easy to use image stabilizer.
- Rolling shutter correction
Some single chip cameras can suffer from “wobbly vision” on fast panning shots where vertical lines before diagonal, caused by the movement of the camera and the single chip. You can use the EDIUS image stabiliser to cure this.
09. The OFX Plug-in Bridge
How to slow clips down and to achieve a ramp with the speed, as well as using EDIUS’ excellent image stabilizing filter.
- The basics of the OFX plug-in bridge
The OFX bridge is an add-on which is not installed by default and lets you add in OFX plug-ins from other manufacturers. On its own it adds no new effects, you have to buy the OFX plug-ins as well.
- NewBlue Titler Pro 2 trial
The OFX bridge is made by NewBlue for Grass Valley. It is free. With it NewBlue install a trail version of their titling program, NewBlue Titler Pro 2. Although this is a trial version it is a trial that lasts for a year, so you can get quite a lot of use out of it.
SECTION 5: IMPORTING
EDIUS’ slogan is “EDIT ANYTHING” and it can pretty much take any kind of footage. Some footage is best imported in specific way using the source browser.
There is also a new program called the GV Browser for cataloguing footage. This is different to the source browser which is part of EDIUS itself. This is a new program which is installed with EDIUS 8.
General import options
A look at all the important basic options for importing files including fixing problems in footage which EDIUS is not seeing correctly.
01. Importing footage in to EDIUS
There are many ways to bring footage into EDIUS and many options when doing so. You can also decide whether the footage is just linked to the original location or copied to the location of your project.
- Add clip on the file menu
You can add clips using a command on the file menu, however the results are slightly different to using the add clips button in the project window.
- Add clips from Explorer
You can just drag clips into EDIUS from Windows normal file explorer. This is extremely useful and fast and even works on some card-based footage.
- Fixing the aspect ratio
Some clips do not appear correctly in EDIUS when imported. A common complaint is that the aspect ratio is incorrect – windscreen footage appears as 4×3 for example. This is easy to sort out…
- Fixing problems and wobbly footage
There are other problems that can occur with imported footage including strange wobbles on clips caused by the incorrect field order settings. You can also change the frame rate.
- Importing projects into the bin window
A new feature introduced in EDIUS 6.5 is that you can import projects into the Bin window instead of using the “import sequences” option on the file menu, and this has all sorts of advantages.
AVCHD and other footage
The best way to bring in most card based footage is using the EDIUS source browser. In this section we talk extensively about using AVCHD footage and also cover using the Grass Valley AVCHD2HQ converter, Canon XF footage and ripping audio off CDs and video off DVD & Blu-ray discs.
- The source browser & AVCHD
The best way to bring in AVCHD is to use the source browser which will sort out potential problems like spanned clips.
- Importing AVCHD without the source browser
You can bring in AVCHD by dragging from explorer and most of the time this works fine. You can even just drag in the MTS video files but this will cause problems with long clips.
- Deciding where the source browser puts clips
The source browser can the clips from the card to a different place on the computer – normally the project folder although you can specify a different location..
- Converting AVCHD to something easier
In the early days of editing AVCHD the computer could not cope with this highly compressed footage. Now EDIUS and a modern PC can, but you if you have an older machine you may want to convert it to make it easier to use.
- Editing 1080 50P AVCHD footage
A common question is “I have filmed in 1080 50P how should I edit it? There is a similar chapter to this in our “how to..” Section.
- AVCHD2HQ converter
Grass Valley do a free stand alone program which you can download from their support site and will convert AVCHD and other footage to the much-easier-to-use Grass Valley HQ format.
- Canon XF footage
A quick look at using Canon XF footage – pretty much the same as using AVCHD or other card-based footage, imported using the source browser.
- Importing footage off DVDs
EDIUS is one of the few programs which can rip footage back off DVDs for re-use in the project. It can do the same with non-copyright Blu-ray discs.
- Ripping Audio off CDs
EDIUS can rip audio off CDS really easily using the source browser.
- Using proxy files
If your computer cannot cope with the footage you are using you can make proxy files instead. Also very useful if you are making complicated effects.
Capture from tape
EDIUS has an excellent tape capture utility which can do controlled batch capture through FireWire source or just be used for simple capture with an I/o device.
- Capture from tape
EDIUS has a very good capture from tape option that works from DV or HDV sources provided you have a FireWire interface in your computer. We start with the basics of capturing from tape.
- Capture options
Different options when capturing from tape such as deciding whether clips are split based on the date and time of recording when capturing..
- Confirm file names on capture
This useful option lets you name clips either before or after capture. If you choose to name them before capture you can easily decide where they are stored as well.
- Batch capture
When you can control the camera you can do batch capture where the computer will start and stop the capture based on the position and timecode of the tape. EDIUS does this very well and has options for importing batch capture lists from other programs..
The GV browser
The Grass Valley Browser is a new program designed to help catalogue your footage.
- What is the Grass Valley Browser?
An overview of the browser and its main uses.
- Smart Catalogues
Once footage has been registered to the Browser you can add tags and search for footage based on these tags.
- Ways of viewing footage
You can view footage in a window, full screen or take over a second screen if you have one with the preview.
- Saving a still
As with EDIUS you can save a still from your footage easily.
- Integration with EDIUS
Whatever is registered in the browser also appears inside EDIUS making it very easy to use your smart catalogues as a way of importing footage.
- Importing and moving clips
You can also move and copy footage using the browser.
- Deleting clips
You can delete footage with the browser as well, although it is a two stage process – first you delete from the browser, second you get the browser to put the clips in Windows’ recycle bin.
- Restore offline clips
The browser only works on clips which are on the computer. What happens when they are moved and how do you tell the browser where they have gone?
- Where is the catalogue?
The browser has all of its information in a database. Where is this kept and how can you back it up?
Section 6: Exporting clips
There are many ways of exporting clips from EDIUS using the print to file option. Here we look at all of them.
Print to file
In this section we look at some of the most common formats used when printing to file and all the basic options.
- Print to file
The basic options for print to file
- Batch export
Make a list of different files and then process the list in one session.
- Default format
One of the options on the batch export – use the “default format”.
- Using render format
A second option in batch export is the render format. This uses the format specified in the project settings for export.
- Export to HDV
Here is how to export to HDV tape.
- Alpha channel support
Some EDIUS files support alpha channels but only if you set up EDIUS correctly.
- Export to other formats
A look at the range of export formats available in EDIUS.
- Making MPEG for DVDs
This assumes you are going to use a different program to make your DVDs and not EDIUS’ built in DVD writer
- Making MXF files
EDIUS supports certain types of MXF files, some used in broadcast.
- The power of QuickTime
If you choose QuickTime there are a whole variety of other formats available of which you may not be aware
- QuickTime HQ & HQX files
You can make Grass Valley HQ and HQX QuickTime files – very useful if exporting to programs like DaVinci Resolve.
- Windows Media Export
Windows Media is not use so much for web pages any more but still useful.
- Export to HD Flash
Export to H.264 Flash files for web pages. H.264 is more commonly used these days.
- Advanced conversion
You can convert the size, frame rate and fields of your footage on export but only if you tick “advanced conversion”
Other Export options
In addition to exporting to a variety of other formats in this section we look at specific options such as the plug-in packs you can buy to export to Avid DNxHD and Apple ProRes, as well as ways of exporting an EDIUS project to other programs using AAF export.
- Record to DV tape
How to export back to DV tape.
- Saving a still
EDIUS can easily take a snapshot from the timeline and de-interlace it and correct the aspect ratio in one go
- Saving sequence of stills
You can save a sequences of stills off the timeline in various formats.
- How to get the best quality converting HD to SD
We discuss this more in depth in the basics of effects but here we summarise the down-conversion options.
- Export to XDCAM-EX
You can export from EDIUS back to a card which you can play from most XDCAM-EX cameras.
- Export to AVCHD cameras
You can export to a camera SD card or hard drive of an AVCHD camera in a format which the camera can play.
- The Dolby professional plug-in
An additional plug-in for EDIUS that lets you export Dolby sound using a professional plug-in.
- The Avid DNxHD plug-in
Another new plug-in option that lets you export files in Avid’s own format for dropping straight into an Avid Media Folder.
- AAF Export to DaVinci Resolve
Another new plug-in option that lets you export files in Avid’s own format for dropping straight into an Avid Media Folder.
- AAF export to Avid Media Composer
Exporting an AAF to Avid has its own problems which we examine here and also look at the DNxHD plug-in option and why you would want this when dealing with Avid.
- Intel Quick Sync
This encoding option lets you make H.264 format like MP4 & Blu-ray files quicker. It also works in the Burn to disc section or EDIUS.
SECTION 7: Burn to Disc
EDIUS can make DVD and Blu-ray discs off the timeline with this option. Discs are simple with a main menu and a submenu with chapters you specify. Menus are made using templates which can be thoroughly customised. You can do a lot with EDIUS’ burn to disc if you know how…
01. Starting and adding chapters
The most basic parts of setting up your disc – how to access it and how to add in chapters using markers.
- An overview
The entire burn to disc procedure to give you an overview of the process before we delve into the minutiae.
- The basic tab
On the basic tab you choose the titles (timelines or video clips) you want to have on the disc, set up the order in which they play and some basic options about them.
Every disc needs chapters even if you do not have a menu. Chapters can be linked to menu buttons, which EDIUS will do automatically.
- Adding chapters & comments in one click
A chapter comment will become the label on the menu button for that chapter. You add comments in the marker menu in EDIUS but you can also customise EDIUS so that when you click the add chapter button you can type the comments automatically..
- Adding chapters every 5 minutes
In a disc with no menus chapters are still useful you help you skip to different parts of the video easily. We like to add chapters every 5 minutes on any disc and with EDIUS you can make a chapter list and import it very easily and quickly.
02. Encoding options
You can encode to MPEG2 or H.264 using EDIUS. If making H.264 you have the option to use Intel Quick sync which can make these kind of files very quickly. You can also choose to encoding in Surround Sound if you set up EDIUS correctly
- Disc size
A fairly obvious thing – make sure that your video fits on your disc. You can choose different disc sizes depending on whether you are making a Blu-ray or DVD disc
- About bit rates
The bit rate determines the size and the quality of the final file. You also have variable and constant bit rates and different settings for DVDs and Blu-ray discs.
- Intel Quick sync
EDIUS can make H.264 very quickly using Intel Quick sync hardware built into modern processors, if the system is correctly set up.
- MPEG & audio settings
The audio can be compressed in different ways or can be uncompressed. What is the advantage of the different formats?
- 10. Surround sound
EDIUS cannot mix surround sound but it can make Dolby Digital surround sound. If you want to see a video about the Dolby Pro plug-in please visit our print to file pages.
- 11. Prohibit operations
With this option you can stop the remote control buttons working when playing back a disc and make people watch your video.
- 12. Display timecode
You can print either source or edit timecode on the final video or print the date and time of filming onto the final DVD, burnt into the picture.
If you add a menu to your disc you need to choose a template and then customise it. Although EDIUS has quite a few limitations there are many ways you can customise the template and make the disc look exactly how you want. We also investigate how to change the EDIUS’ built-in templates, if you feel brave enough.
- How many buttons
Start with a template for the menu, Different templates have different amounts of maximum buttons so you need to start with the right one.
- No chapter button & no title menu
These two options let you just straight to the chapter menu of your DVD and decide whether you have chapter buttons for every title on the disc – even those without chapters.
- Highlight Style
What highlights when you move across the menu and how can you customise it?
- The Edit tab
Here you will take the template and customise the menu, changing the buttons and look of the menu
- Button routing order
How do you know the order of the buttons on the menu? What happens when the use pressed the up, down, left and right buttons on their remote control?
- Customising the buttons
You can change the look of a button, change from text to a picture and decide what thumbnail represents the image in the button.
- Changing the background
You can change the background for a picture, a video clip or use a timeline in the project to make a moving background. You can then copy the style of the whole menu to another menu.
- Advanced customising menus
Menu templates are simply a selection of picture with a text file that defines how they are positioned. With a bit of fiddling you can change some of the templates so that you can start with a menu a bit nearer to the style you want to use.
- Changing the default text style
You can go further and edit the text file to make a menu with the type face and style you want but it does get complicated. Be warned that if you make a big mistake it could stop your burn to disc opening at all..
04. Burning and preview
EDIUS does not have the option to preview the disc but if you make up some temporary files in the correct way you can preview the disc from within Windows without burning a physical disc. Once you are happy with the disc you can burn your temporary files without having to wait for them to recompile.
- The output tab
The final tab in the burn to disc section covers burning the disc and some other options for how the disc will playback.
- Temporary disc files
When you make a disc EDIUS has to make several files on the computer first, which will take up space – may 50GB for a Blu-ray disc. These default to the programs drive which often will not have enough space. In any case files should be kept off the primary drive in principle!
- Preview a DVD
You can make a DVD as a selection of files on the hard drive and then preview it with a media player program like Power DVD or even Windows Media Player (if you are using Windows 7). It can save you making another “coaster”.
- Writing the temporary files to disc
Once you have checked out your temporary files you can burn them to disc without having to remake them in EDIUS using a tool on EDIUS’ tool menu.
- Preview a Blu-ray disc
Many disc and media player programs will not preview a Blu-ray as a selection of files on a hard drive. Many people simply use a re-writable disc but there is a way to take EDIUS’ temporary files and play them without making a disc that may work with your preferred media player which involves making and image and “mounting” it.
- Authoring using a different program
You may decide that you want to take your edit to a different program for authoring. What is the best way to do this with EDIUS?
Section 8: Settings
EDIUS has a large variety of settings. Some are specific to the computer being used, some are specific to the user and some are specific to a project or even an individual sequence. Here we look at all these different settings and also how to set up EDIUS with a variety of different hardware.
01. Project settings
In EDIUS’ project settings you decide on all the basic settings for your edit as well as the defaults for how new timelines will first appear. You can change most things about the project settings after starting the project but not the frame rate.
- EDIUS settings
The first time you start EDIUS you will be prompted to make some project settings. These can be changed and customised later..
- Customising the project settings
The “wizard”in the first chapter will have set up some basic settings but you want to customise them to match the settings you need.
- Render format
The render format defines how effects are made when rendered and can have an effect on the final output.
- Which render codec for HDV?
If you select the correct render codec you can edit and export HDV with the minimum amount of re-encoding.
- Other project settings
Other project settings including the timeline length and how to decide how many video and audio tracks are in new timeline.
- Overscan size
The over scan size will chop a few pixels off the edge of the image for every effect. This was useful in the days when video had black lines down the edge (as with most DV footage) but not so useful now..
- Audio reference level
The reference level tells EDIUS the level at which you want the sound to peak and is useful in many ways.
- Settings for other projects
So far we have been looking at setting up an HDV project preset. What kind of differences would there be when making other project presets?
- Making new presets.
You can make as many project presets as you like with any setting you like. How do you make new presets if you have been using EDIUS for some time?
- Project templates
You can make as many project presets as you like with any setting you like. How do you make new presets if you have been using EDIUS for some time?
02. System settings
The main settings for your system. These settings are specific to your computer.
- Systems settings
In the system settings, called application settings in earlier versions of EDIUS you will specify the settings for this computer. In this first section we look at playback and buffer settings, user profiles & project presets.
- Import & Export settings
We quickly move through the importer/exporter settings where you can specify different settings for different types of media as well as the After Effects & VST plug-in bridges.
- Red settings
Red footage has the ability to be played back a varying qualities and with 5 or 6K RED footage you are unlikely to be able top play footage back unless you do so at a lower quality. These settings are in the systems settings under importer/exporter.
03. Hardware settings
In the hardware settings you choose how you preview and capture video. You can use many different I/o cards with EDIUS. Here we look at setting up one of Grass Valley’s original cards, the HDStorm, although setting up other hardware is practically the same. We also look at setting up Blackmagic devices which are the most common form of i/o card used with EDIUS. We also look at other Blackmagic programs which install with the drivers.
- Setting the preview device
The preview device is how you can see your edit when working on a proper output monitor using an I.o device
- Storm Settings
The basic settings for the Grass Valley HDSTORM. Settings are fairly similar for all Grass Valley cards.
- Preview using just FireWire
You do not need an I/o card to preview standard definition – you can do it using just a FireWire connection.
- Hardware settings
A further look at the hardware settings, in particular setting up a capture preset for DV and HDV through FireWire.
- HDSTORM device presets
A more in-depth look at making capture presets for the HDSTORM – which is similar to all other Grass Valley devices.
- Using device presets
Once you have set up the device presets you need to select them in order to capture. You can also add specific ones to the capture menu and assign keyboard shortcuts.
- Setting up Blackmagic devices
Setting up a Blackmagic device is very similar to the HDSTORM although Blackmagic have their own control panel as well as the EDIUS settings.
- Setting up Blackmagic capture presets
You need to set up some Blackmagic capture presets of course..
- Other Blackmagic settings
Other settings for Blackmagic capture presets.
- Compression settings
EDIUS can capture into many formats including some variations of MPEG. Although here we are talking about Blackmagic cards the same is true for Matrox and Grass Valley..
- Decklink control panel
A more in depth look at the options in Blackmagic’s own control panel and how the affect EDIUS.
- Other Blackmagic programs
Blackmagic’s own capture program. Media Express and Blackmagic speed test program to check if your hard drives can cope with different types of capture format.
04. User settings
All these settings represent the way you like to set up and use EDIUS and all can be changed at any time. They are all saved as part of your user profile and can be moved from machine to machine.
- User settings
The first set of user settings define how the audio will appear on screen and the default edit mode (insert or overwrite)..
- Full screen playback
You can choose to play back the video full screen on your computer on any monitor which is attached to the system..
- On screen display
The on screen display lets you view the source timecode or date and time of recording as well as the current location on the timeline and your sound levels.
- Safe areas and overlay
The safe areas warn if items are potentially not seen on a TV and the overlays let you add guides for how the picture will appear on a 4×3 TV.
- Customising buttons
You can change the buttons that appear on your interface an on different parts of the screen.
- Keyboard shortcuts
There are many keyboard shortcuts in EDIUS and a lot of them are not assigned to anything. You can change the defaults and add shortcuts for options you did not even know existed.
- Customising the bin display
You can change the way items are displayed in the bin, and what information will appear when you hover over a clip icon.
- Filmstrip mode
This lets you see your edit as one continuous filmstrip rather than just having a picture at the start and end of the timeline.
- Source settings
Source settings let you decide on the default duration for timelines and images, auto rubber banding and the colour space of imported clips.
- Auto save
The auto save makes backups of the project as you edit and can be your saviour if everything goes wrong.
05. Sequence settings
A very simple section with only one chapter which explains the different sequence setting options.
Section 9: How to..
In this section we have some videos which cover commonly asked questions and problems. Some of them cover the subject completely, some will just point you to the correct place on the tutorial for the information you need..
- Restore offline clips
You open a project and some clips are missing. How can you restore them and what kind of problems might you have?
- Capture from tape
It is very easy to capture from tape with EDIUS and is explained in our importing section but people still seem to miss the fact that the tutorial is there
- I can’t hear sound
A common problem with people using an I/o device like a Blackmagic card, you can see the picture but not hear the sound. There is a simple solution..
- Image pan
How to take a simple image and pan around it, and then copy the same movement to other images..
- How to make a file for YouTube
The best way to do this is to make an MP4 file using EDIUS H.264 encoder..
- My picture does not fit!
Your video image does not fit in your program window or even more bizarre, the source window does not show the entire image. It’s all down to settings in the layouter.
- What is the best project setting – part 1
A really common question – what project setting should I choose at the start of a project. It does depend on what you are trying to make, of course, so there is no “right” answer but we aim to help you choose correctly.
- What is the best project setting – part 2 – using 1080 50P footage
The most common question regarding settings is what to do if you are filming in 1080 50P. Here we explain the different options. If working in NTSC you will be doing the same thing, but using 60P.